Michael D. Ramsey

†††††† †††††† Professor of Law, University of San Diego Law School


International Law Scholarship

 The Limits of Custom in Constitutional and International Law, 50 S.D. L. Rev. 867 (2013).\


Considering the theory and practice of arguments from custom in both constitutional and international law, this article argues that the scope of pure custom-based arguments is sharply limited because of the difficulty in deciding whether similar but non-identical situations should be treated as analogous.


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 International Law Limits on Investor Liability in Human Rights Litigation, 50 Harvard Intíl L.J. 271 (2009).

†††††††††††† This article evaluates the international law implications of suits in U.S. court that seek to hold investors liable under the Alien Tort Statute and similar laws for human rights violations committed by their host governments.

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 The Empirical Dilemma of International Law,†† 41 San† Diego† L. Rev.† 1243 (2004)

This article considers the difficulties U.S. courts encounter in determining the content of customary international law.

 Escaping International Comity,† 83 Iowa L. Rev. 893 (1998)

A criticism of the ways courts use the phrase ďinternational comity,Ē this article argues that decisions frequently invoke it in a misleading way to refer to several distinct doctrines that would be better applied individually.

 Acts of State and Foreign Sovereign Obligations, 39 Harv. Intíl L.J. 1 (1998)

This article addresses the challenges the act of state doctrine imposes for the enforceability of international business contracts with foreign governments, and concludes that the purposes of that doctrine are not served by applying it in the contracting context.




 International Wrongs, State Laws, and Presidential Policies, 32 Loyola of L.A. Intíl & Comp. L. Rev. 19 (2010) (symposium: Litigating Genocide).

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 International Materials and Domestic Rights: Reflections on Atkins and Lawrence, 98 Amer. J. Intíl. L. 69 (2004) (contribution to ďAgora: The United States Constitution and International LawĒ).

 International Law as Non-Preemptive Federal Law, 42 Virginia J. Intíl L. 555 (2002) (commenting on Ernest Young, Sorting out the Debate over Customary International Law, 42 Va. J. Intíl L. 365 (2002)).††††††††† †††††††††††† †††††††††††† †††††††††††† †††††††††††† ††††††††††††

 Multinational Corporate Liability under the Alien Tort Claims Act: Some Structural Reservations, 24 Hastings Intíl & Comp. L. Rev. 361 (2001).

 International Law as Part of Our Law:† A Constitutional Perspective, 29 Pepperdine L. Rev. 187 (2001).



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international business law publications

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International Law in the U.S. Supreme Court: Continuity and Change (Cambridge Univ. Press 2011) (David L. †††††††††††† Sloss, Michael D. Ramsey & William S. Dodge, editors)


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